Configuring Split tunneling in L2TP/IPsec using an MS DHCP server

Last modified on 2 Dec, 2022. Revision 12
How to configure split tunneling in L2TP/IPsec using an MS DHCP server
Up to date for
cOS Core 14.00.06
Supported since
cOS Core 9.x
Status OK
Author
Peter Nilsson

Description

I’m using the Windows L2TP/IPsec client but I do not want to send everything through the VPN interface, which is the default behavior in the Windows L2TP/IPsec implementation.

Solution

When an L2TP/IPsec client connects, it will send a DHCP inform message in the L2TP connection to request that the server forwards any additional DHCP options that may be configured. One of the options it requests is Static Route.

A solution in a few simple steps:

  1. Configure a DHCP Relay listening on the L2TP Interface that forwards the request to an MS DHCP Server.
    2. Configure the DHCP Scope in Windows to only include the IP and subnet of the L2TP Interface and remove any unused options (i.e. DNS, router and so on).
    3. Add option 121 with the routes needed, with the IP of the L2TP Interface as router IP.

This solution has been tested on both OS X and Windows clients.

Note: Some users may wonder why we cannot use the DHCP server in cOS Core itself. The reason for this is that the cOS Core DHCP server does not send the specific option format the client needs in order to accept the route. This is a known limitation and may be subject to change in the future. Using an MS DHCP server is a good workaround until then. The Clavister R&D ID for this issue is COP-15720.



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